"Our democracy must be not only the envy of the world but the engine of our own renewal. There is nothing wrong with America that cannot be cured by what is right with America".
-Bill Clinton in his Inaugural Address


· By the beginning of this era, the Cold War ended with the fall of the Soviet Union. Furthermore, Communism in Eastern European countries creates better trading opportunities thus, helping the economy to prosper.
o cold war: tentions between U.S. and Soviet Union

In 1990, recovering from late 80s recession


· President Bush signed a bill giving benefits to unemployed in 1991
o Decreases employment
(3) [|

· The Maastricht Treaty was issued to make a European union in 1992 and also created the Euro

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was issued as Bill Clinton came into office
o The NAFTA was a trade block created by the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.


· 1992- stock market boom caused employment to rise

World Wide Web is born
1994- 3 million people online
1998- 100 million people online Internet Becomes popular

"Communications and commerce are global; investment is mobile; technology is almost magical; and ambition for a better life is now universal. We earn our livelihood in peaceful competition with people all across the earth."
Bill Clinton

. Reality television began with MTV's The Real World.
.Comedy's like "Seinfeld" and "Friends" became popular shows

.Reading entire books online became available due to the major technology enhancements
. The 90s were known as the electronic age which caused video and computer games to be widely used. Video games like Nintendo 64 and later, Playstation became major influences on teen culture.
. Email affected our way of communicating by making it faster and more efficient.


. Increase in acceptance of homosexuality is a big culture change throughout the U.S.
-The World Health Organization removed homosexuality from its list of diseases.

In 1990- the average cost of a new car was 16,000 dollars
-average cost of gas was $1.34

. Music- Hip-hop and R&B increased in popularity with acts like TLC, Boys 2 Men, and Puff Daddy
This is a song and tribute to the death of the American Rapper "B.I.G." It was written by Puff Daddy who incorporated Sting's "Every Breath you take" into the song.

.Although religion has always been very diverse in the U.S. due to the "melting pot" demographic makeup, some religious groups stand out more than others.

.Catholics and Protestants dominated the population
.Jews were increasing but were an influential minority
-low birth rates and high levels of intermarriage made the size of the Jewish community relatively small

. 1990- 86% of Americans were defined as christian

. The overall attendence at religious ceremonies went unchanged (about 40 percent), despite the evidence that some people overreported their participation.

.By the 90s, many Americans branched out and did not follow their family heritages exactly. During this time of change, people did not want to be defined by their ancestors and be more independent.


War in the 1990s:
· 1993- Oslo Accords
o Agreements made between Prime Minister of Israel and Palestine Liberation Organization leader
o Allowed Palestinians to self-govern
o Sponsored by Clinton (1)


· Gulf War (1990-1991)
o Iraq invasion of Kuwait
o Iraq against 34 joined nation
§ Majority of military forces included United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom and Egypt (2)


· 1993 War moves to Somalia, Africa
o U.S. reach out to help starving and suffering people and children (3)

· 1994 U.S. send troops to Haiti
o An attempt to overthrow dictatorship (3)

· 1996 20,000 American troops reside to Bosnia
o Peace keeping force (4)

· 1999 U.S. join strike against Yugoslavia
o Attempt to stop Yugoslavian government policy of ethnic cleansing (3)



"We don't want an America that is closed to the world. What we want is a world that is open to America."
George H.W. Bush

· Technology
o Growth and Development of the Internet
o Advancements making into connection faster
o Mobile Phones replace the use of pagers
o CD burners
o Satellite dishes providing up to 500 channels
o Emailing
o Instant Messaging (5)

  • With the rapid growth of technology, foreign relations became easier.
    • Allowed for the spread of information to be done quicker and more efficiently (9)


Politics: __
· Trials of the century
o Rodney King- 1991 African American man brutally beaten by Los Angeles police officers
§ Caused public outrage and tension between blacks and police officials
§ Police officers were acquitted in 1992 (7)
o OJ Simpson- 1994 American Professional football player is accused of killing his ex-wife and friend. Longest jury trial in California history.
§ Acquitted in 1995- Both blacks and whites showed astonishment (6) (8)



· President William Jefferson Clinton
o Elected as 42nd President of the United States
o Served from 1993-2001
o Impeached in 1998
§ Charged with perjury (swearing a false oath), obstruction of justice and abuse of power
§ Monica Lewinsky affair and political sex scandal (1995-97)
§ Paula Jones lawsuit against Clinton for sexual harassment (1997-98)
o Acquitted in 1999 (6) (8)

Multiple Choice:
1. Which of the following was not responsible for the economic boom?
a.) The internet
b.) The downfall of the Soviet Union
c.) The Gulf War
d.) Communism in Eastern Europe

2. What did the Oslo-Accords accomplish?
a.) Allowed Palestinians to self-govern
b.) Gave Asians the right to own property
c.) Maintain peace in Bosnia
d.) Overthrew dictatorship in Haiti

3. What religion was an influential minority?
a.) Christianity
b.) Judaism
c.) Hinduism
d.) Protestant

4. What treaty made a European union in 1992?
a.) The Maastricht Treaty
b.) The Peace Treaty of 1992
c.) The Euro Treaty
d.) The Big H

5. What did the trial of Rodney King show?
a.) African Americans were rebellious
b.) Los Angeles was a dangerous place for African Americans
c.) African Americans were poorly treated by officials
d.) both C and D

Short Answer Question:
How did technology impact the 1990s in regards to foreign relations?